Tissue fibers vary in composition, structure and, therefore, properties. There are two types of fibers: natural fibers and chemical fibers. The main features for classification are: chemical composition of fibers and their area of origin. Natural fibers, natural fibers have a natural origin. This group includes the fiber plant, animal and mineral origin. Natural Fiber can be divided into 4 types: Flax – a natural and environmentally-friendly vegetable fibers. The raw material for production of flax stalk is herbaceous plants of the same name.
Linen hygienic, durable, soft to the touch, with good moisture and breathable properties. However, tissues of flax because of low elongation and low elastic fiber is extremely strong and wrinkle badly ironed, and sit pretty by washing. Most often the product of linen are available in natural color (from gray to beige.) Have a nice shine. You can find linen with cotton, Dacron, etc. Cotton – a natural fiber vegetable origin. Produce cotton fibers from seeds of cotton plants.
On the basis of the cotton produced: satin, batiste, marlevka, cotton, denim, flannel, snatch, teak, calico, voile, percale, nainsook, organdy, pique, poplin, voile, and other tissues. The advantages of cotton are: strength, high durability, resistance to alkalis and elasticity. The fabric is warm, soft and pleasant to the touch, absorbs moisture, not electrified. The disadvantages include high sminaemost tissue from the small proportion of elastic deformation. Sometimes the tissues of cotton viscose was added, and then on their matte shine there amazing or pattern. Silk – composed of fibers of an animal (protein) of origin. Silk thread from cocoons of caterpillars get the silkworm. For group includes silk fabrics like – a veil, chiffon, crepe de chine, satin tusseh, crepe, crepe georgette, Twal, faille, taffeta, brocade, scarf, etc. Traditionally, the silk is one of the most expensive types of tissue. Products made of silk fabric is lightweight, durable, beautiful. Have a nice shiny, well-regulated body temperature. The disadvantages of silk is the fact that the fabric highly salted and sensitive to ultraviolet rays. Often to the natural silk fiber is added another kind of fiber for new interesting textures and weaves of various spectacular. It is worth noting that also produced, artificial and synthetic silks. Wool – Natural fiber animal (protein) of origin. The raw materials used hair of animals – sheep wool, camel hair, wool, llama, rabbit, etc. The group consists of woolen fabrics: serge, cloth, tweed, Boston, covert, cheviot, dyuvetin etc. Wool different animals differs quality, properties and applications. The only common characteristic of all types of hair – it’s exceptional quality to keep warm. Considerable mass of hair (94-96%) for the textile industry supplying sheep. Natural wool fabrics are soft, flexible, lightweight, breathable. The thickness of the tissue may be different, there are as thick as thin woolen material. Woven fabrics of wool almost crushed.